Upper Andaman Coast

25

Nov
2021

The Peninsula as a Cultural Crossroads

Posted By : chauthihoaithuong/ 5 0

For over 2,000 years, the peninsula that is now divided between Malaysia, Thailand, and Myanmar has been a major cultural crossroads. Finds from the Isthmus of Kra (especially the historic trading centers of Nakhon Si Thammarat, Chaiya, Sathing Phra, and Takua Pa) testify to strong links with China, India, the Middle East, and even the Roman Empire before the first millennium AD. In the 7th–13th centuries the Hindu-Buddhist Srivijaya Empire held sway over much of the region. After Srivijaya’s decline, Burma and Siam, both Buddhist, pushed south, while Islam, brought by Arab traders, made a lasting impact in the southernmost part of the peninsula. There was even greater cultural diversity from the 16th century, when the British, Dutch, Portuguese, and other colonial powers developed trade routes through the Straits of Malacca

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