Prasat Hin Muang Tam



Prasat Hin Muang Tam

Posted By : chauthihoaithuong/ 4 0

Muang Tam, or “the lower city,” stands at the foot of Khao Phnom Rung, an extinct volcano on top of which lies the Khmer site of Prasat Hin Khao Phnom Rung. Muang Tam postdates the earliest stages of construction of the more elaborate and well preserved temple above and was built in brick, sandstone, and laterite between the 10th and 12th centuries as a residence for the local governor. Today little remains, and at first sight Muang Tam appears to be nothing more than an exotic heap of decaying brickwork. The remains of four brick sanctuaries surround what would once have been a central temple containing religious icons. The reliefs on the Muang Tam lintels indicate that these icons are most likely to have been Hindu. The lintel over the northern sanctuary shows Shiva and his consort Parvati riding on Nandin the bull, another lintel depicts the four-headed Hindu god of creation, Brahma. All the sanctuaries in the complex face east and are encircled by galleries (now collapsed). On each side there are also four gopuras or entrance pavilions. Beyond these lie four L-shaped ponds, decorated at each corner with majestic, multiheaded nagas. The ponds themselves are filled with colorful lotus blossoms. An immense reservoir or baray, 3,950 ft (1,200 m) wide and 1,650 ft (500 m) long, is situated to the north of Muang Tam, pointing to the fact that this site probably once supported a sizeable population

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